Intercultural Literacy

October 14, 2006

2012 Update: This was a pioneering online presentation, in 2006, a blog post combining an embedded SlideShare presentation with an embedded podcast player for the speech. In such ways people can relive the original conference presentation. However, the two podcasting hosts I used are both defunct. Since 2005 I have been actively using my Japanese-English campus blog, which includes online presentations. All the sound files and presentations are available along with other publications at the Bilingualism and Japanology Intersection Website. The WAOE organization is still active as well. - Prof. Steve McCarty, Osaka Jogakuin College & Osaka Jogakuin University.

September 04, 2006

Podcast presentation to the Annual Members' Meeting

The 2006 WAOE Annual Members' Meeting has been taking place since August 31st.

Listen to a podcast recorded for this meeting on Web 2.0 Technologies for Research at Japancasting.

The presentation discusses the following site, best to watch while listening:
Podcasting, Coursecasting, & Web 2.0 Technologies for Research
Podcasting for EFL wiki - TESOL Electronic Village Online (EVO)

Collegially, Steve McCarty, Professor, Osaka Jogakuin College, Japan
President (1998-2007), World Association for Online Education (WAOE)
Online library (check out the Flickr moving photo collection)

August 20, 2006

Another new book chapter:

"Theorizing and Realizing the Globalized Classroom"
in Andrea Edmundson (Ed.), Globalized E-Learning Cultural Challenges, pp. 90-125.
Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing (July 2006)
Hard cover: ISBN: 1-59904-301-7; Soft cover: ISBN: 1-59904-302-5
Publisher's Website for the book

Social software and Web 2.0 technologies for research:

iTunesU News and Coursecasting Research Bookmarks social bookmarking / coursecasting

Technorati Profile for waoe (blogs)

Steve Illustrated Flickr photo sharing / Research set screen shots

Podcasting, Coursecasting, & Web 2.0 Technologies for Research
Podcasting in EFL Wiki

Steve McCarty
Japanese-English college blog

July 19, 2006

It took some time but WAOE Websites are reappearing at a new ISP with the same URLs. Among them are WAOE President and Essential Sites of Steve McCarty.

June 05, 2006

Book chapters published with WAOE co-authors from six countries!

Steve McCarty (Japan), (Ms.) Begum Ibrahim (Malaysia), Boris Sedunov (Russia), & Ramesh Sharma (India), "Global Online Education," pp. 723-787;


Nick Bowskill (UK), Robert Luke (Canada), & Steve McCarty (Japan), "Global Virtual Organizations for Online Educator Empowerment," pp. 789-819;

in Joel Weiss, Jason Nolan, Jeremy Hunsinger, & Peter Trifonas (Eds.), The International Handbook of Virtual Learning Environments, Volume I (2006). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

ISBN: 1-4020-3802-X. Publisher's Website for the Handbook.

May 22, 2006

To whom it may concern, at a recent special WAOE Board of Directors meeting a Resolution was passed to clarify WAOE's ethical stance and the bounds of its relations to other entities in the field of online learning and education.
Your understanding is appreciated,
Steve McCarty

April 07, 2006

Stick a microphone into your computer and Send Me A Message

Subscribe to the podcasting blog Japancasting or listen to it by clicking on this icon: Subscribe to My Odeo Channel

March 07, 2006

WAOE is starting a special Board of Directors' Meeting to deal with changing circumstances. Members received passwords around July 2005 to access a BBS-type forum for WAOE communications after our e-mail discussion lists were continually spammed and hacked.
The forum URL is

However, on the open Web the following is newly available:
WAOE Spoken Libraries: 2006 Update by Nick Bowskill

Recent publications include a couple of presentations in Japanese, a book review in the Asian Studies journal Pacific Affairs (University of British Columbia), and:

"Interview with Professor Eiko Kato, First in the World to Apply iPods to Education"
GLOCOM Platform - Special Topics - Colloquium #64: March 7, 2006
Tokyo: International University of Japan, Japanese Center for Global Communications

An interesting development in podcasting is starting with the universities of Illinois and San Francisco, a repository to share academic podcasts. I'll be one of the first outside of North America to podcast the lectures for a whole course in Bilingual Education, but it will be available only on a campus audio blog. However, I'm glad to share those at Japancasting.

November 25, 2005

There was an interesting article "Podcasting hits the mainstream" in the regional Kansai Scene magazine, Issue 66, November 2005, pp. 10-11. On p. 11, the author, Kym Hutcheon, writes: "If you are interested in cross-cultural issues, Japancasting, hosted by Osaka Jogakuin College professor Steve McCarty, is well worth your time."

In my college blog I have written in Japanese 1) the details about the Eigo Kyoiku magazine column mentioned in the previous post and 2) a forthcoming Podcaster Interview (in Japanese) in a book on studying English through podcasting due out around mid-December 2005 from the ALC publishing company in Tokyo. Readers of Japanese see:

My online library Website in Japanese is at:

October 20, 2005

The Japancasting podcasting blog has been well received in Japan and abroad.

The Stanford JGuide or Japan WWW Virtual Library lists only one regular blog
along with Japancasting under Society & Culture > Weblogs & Commentary
"Podcast blogs. Directory of MP3 files with text summaries of broadcasts on Japanese culture,
history, society, etc. Links to scripts with photos and illustrations for reading while listening.
Links to online sources for further research."

On 18 Oct 2005 Japancasting received a 4-star rating, very useful for research,
from the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library at the Australian National University:
The Asian Studies WWW Monitor: late Oct 2005 - Vol. 12, No. 15 (240)
and was in The top 500 resources from "The Asian Studies WWW Monitor".
Japancasting was also the first site of its kind in the Monitor and its blog above.

That led to posts to Michigan State's leading H-Net Discussion Networks on history
and contemporary issues, H-Japan and H-Asia.

Also, perhaps the most widely read journal on English education in Japan, Eigo Kyoiku
in Japanese, will have a column on technology in the December issue recommending
Japancasting for English as a Foreign Language study and pointing to the pioneering
work at Osaka Jogakuin College where I work in the second year of giving all students
iPods with English listening materials, the first school in the world to do so.

Meanwhile I've started the following two sites, connected with the
Computer Communication course I'm teaching this fall semester,
2005-06 (the second semester of the school year in Japan):

Wilmina Forest Blog waoe

Computer Communication WebCT course information page

September 27, 2005

WAOE discussions

WAOE-Views and other e-mail mailing lists have been changed
to the following BBS forum. Please log in with your WAOE User Name
and password that you can use also for the Members-Only site
entered from

The new discussion forum can be viewed freely at:

The annual WAOE Board of Directors' Meeting, held in a WebBoard and
then the above discussion forum with online parliamentary procedures,
was adjourned today.

The presentation in Australia listed below on September 10th
on the nature of knowledge in new media is now available as a
podcast or Webcast (to listen with your computer). See Japancasting

September 09, 2005

Multilingual Podcasting, Journal Article, and Presentation in Australia

September 2005 starts out with a "Japancasting" podcast in English,
Japanese and Chinese, which takes good advantage of the medium:
(When listening by computer the Webcasts have to download first).

Also see this new journal article:
"Spoken Internet To Go: Popularization through Podcasting"
The JALT CALL Journal, 1(2)

Off to Australia until September 22nd to give a presentation on
"Definitions and Knowledge in Successive Educational Media"
at the International Conference on Pedagogies and Learning:
Meanings under the Microscope
at the University of Southern Queensland.
The presentation abstract and outline are available as a Web page
and the PowerPoint presentation is available as a file to download.

July 20, 2005

WAOE-affiliated podcasting blogs:

WAOE Community Audio Learning Project
by Nick Bowskill

Mike Warner

Cliff Layton


Steve McCarty
Online library ->
Spoken library -> Japancasting:
"Cultural, Disciplinary and Temporal Contexts of e-Learning
and English as a Foreign Language."
eLearn Magazine: Research Papers, April 2005 [new URL]:

July 07, 2005

Spoken Internet: Webcasting and Podcasting

Since 1997 most of my writings have been accessible through the Internet, but now new technologies and faster connections herald the advent of spoken Internet. I and probably you have many ideas for content. What I've done so far is to set up a podcasting blog as WAOE colleague Nick Bowskill has done at Blogmatrix with the WAOE Community Audio Learning Project.

I set up one entitled Japancasting
Stream URL:

The first entry was to digitally record a speech on Japanese education that I gave to American schoolteachers. The digital recorder, a tiny Japanese gadget, fits into a USB port, so I started with a .wma file for Windows Media Player. To make it a podcast, I converted the file to the .mp3 format. But the MP3 file is over 20 times heavier, so Webcasting may be preferred in this case for Windows users.

Ordinarily I, Japanese students and colleagues who are willing, can just speak into a mic attached to my computer, and files can be podcast with the Sparks program of Blogmatrix. It is free for a month, then as little as $10, from

For Japancasting to serve multiple audiences including learners of English, I am also offering scripts of the Webcasts and podcasts at Websites linked from Japancasting, the podcasting blog. So people can read the script or a similar outline while listening from the Japancasting site, by opening a new browser window to access both Web pages at once. Or people can print out the script from its Web page and read it while listening to their iPod or other MP3 player.

This process could be called getting unwired, because not even a network or wireless connectivity, where even Internet-enabled mobile phones are wired part of the way when routed through servers, is needed at that stage. People are still connected to the message, though, and the social network, so it is still connectivity but transcending networks.

The name "Japancasting" does not seem to have been taken, by the way, by any comparable entity, so this is at least a poor man's copyright. The following podcasting scripts are available to view so far in conjunction with Japancasting:

Stakes and Stakeholders in the Japanese Educational System

The Woman Diver

Peace Dialogue among Religions
[First year students of English have already performed it (see photo above)]

Reincarnation or What?

There are all sorts of meaningful stories, aspects of contemporary Japan, and other content that I plan to make available, spoken as well as written. Please subscribe to Japancasting to receive new podcasts as they become available.

Steve McCarty in Osaka

May 31, 2005

The following article has come out, which I hope will be widely discussed:

"Cultural, Disciplinary and Temporal Contexts of e-Learning and English as a Foreign Language"
eLearn Magazine: Research Papers, April 2005.
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

This article sheds light on some important dimensions at the interface of
technology and pedagogy. A general analytical approach is proposed to
understand the cultural, disciplinary and temporal contexts behind any
specialized field or concept. With this tool for understanding, two
seemingly unrelated disciplines, e-Learning and teaching English as a
Foreign Language (EFL), can be seen in parallel. Japanese and other
Asian learning styles are reviewed to illustrate the cultural context,
particularly when utilizing e-learning with non-native users of English.
The universality or limitations of the Western e-learning paradigm
when transplanted into a non-Western culture are also examined.
Discourse on e-learning among EFL teaching practitioners in East Asia
then illustrates disciplinary and temporal contexts, as these dimensions
bring order to e-learning concepts defined variously on the Web.
An actual graduate school course on online education in Japan also
demonstrates how the cultural context must be considered for learning
to be transformative. Overall, e-learning concepts are distinguished in
the fuller dimensionality of their cultural, disciplinary and temporal
contexts. Applied to other fields as well, this approach may shed light
on the limitations of dictionaries and the whole problem of definitions.

March 25, 2005

At Osaka Jogakuin College in 2005 at age 55:

New online article published by a think tank
at the International University of Japan:
"Global Communications in a Graduate Course on Online Education
at the University of Tsukuba"


This article describes an intensive course on the theory and practice
of online education taught at the national University of Tsukuba
Graduate School of Education in Japan's Science City near Tokyo
in early 2004. Conducted in a networked computer lab, the course
was distributed in space and media to the utmost, while being fully
hybrid with the instructor in the classroom throughout the course.
WebCT platforms in the U.S. and Australia were utilized, with
HorizonLive and Wimba for synchronous and asynchronous Internet
voice technologies integrated into WebCT, and online mentors in
the U.S., England, Malaysia and Brazil engaging the students in
audioconferences, text chatting and other Web-based communications.
There is an abridged version of the article, but the full version
includes many colorful illustrations and can serve as a tutorial
to virtual learning environments that are usually inaccessible
behind password protection. Conditions of a globalized classroom
were reflected in graduate student testimonies indicating that
their learning was transformative and empowering. Both learning
with new information and communication technologies (ICT) and a
constructivist approach were welcomed by the learners, indicating
compatibility with the Japanese learning style and a positive form
of globalization realized in a globalized classroom.

McCarty, S. (2005, March 25). Global communications in a
graduate course on online education at the University of Tsukuba.
GLOCOM Platform, Colloquium #60. Tokyo: Japanese Institute of
Global Communications, International University of Japan.
Full version (PDF format)
Abridged version (HTML Web page linked to the full version)

Note: If your Adobe Reader prompts you to download fonts for the
Japanese language in the last five pages, it will not be necessary
for most people so long as you can view the English.

Collegially, Steve McCarty, Professor, Osaka Jogakuin College, Japan
President, World Association for Online Education (WAOE) Online library

February 13, 2005

Multilingual WAOE Home Posted by Hello

January 18, 2005

Organizational and Japanese Websites updated:

The following Websites have been updated.
Please check them out to be active in the organization:

World Association for Online Education (WAOE) President

WAOE Organizational Page

WAOE in Japanese

Thank you,

Steve McCarty

November 19, 2004

Another paper online

I've tried to make most of my publications of the past decade available online, and just found another, which Dr. Kinshuk in New Zealand has made available in pdf format:

Bowskill N., McCarty S., Luke R., Kinshuk, Hand K. (2000).
Cultural Sensitivity in Voluntary Virtual Professional Development Communities.
Indian Journal of Open Learning, 9 (3), 361-379 (ISSN 0971-2690).

November 12, 2004

Japanese universities
/ Reference book for non-native users of English

Professor Takamitsu Sawa of Kyoto University wrote an article for the Japan Times entitled "Universities Lack Will to Reform." The Japanese Institute of Global Communications reprinted that article online and published my response, Comment on Takamitsu Sawa's Article "Universities Lack Will to Reform." Read Prof. Sawa's article and then mine if you are interested in Japan.

Meanwhile a reference book has come out for EFL self-study and one of the authors is WAOE officer Dr. Begum Ibrahim who graces this blog as well (scroll down to see and read about her). I wrote the Foreword for the book, proofreading and editing the manuscript:

Get Speaking Right: Suitable Expressions for Effective Communication.
by Abdul Hameed Mohamed Mydin and Ahbul Zailani Begum Mohamed Ibrahim
Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Prentice Hall / Pearson Education (2004); ISBN 983-3205-04-6.

November 03, 2004

The WAOE Electronic Bulletin (WEB), Vol. 4, No. 3 (November 2004), published at Portland State University for the World Association for Online Education, is now available free to the public here.

It is loaded with articles representing most regions of the world, with links to yet further sources. Contents include:

* WAOE 2004 Annual Meeting; New Officers Selected
* Update on Mentoring Project
* Four Members Meet and Present at the Association of Internet Researchers (AOIR) Conference in Brighton, England (includes photo of authors, link to presentation abstracts and PowerPoint)
* Online education news or announcements of projects in the Asia-Pacific, Oman, South Africa, India, and East Africa.
* Member Profile -- Begum Ibrahim (Malaysia)
* Call for participation in the WAOE Online Educator Develoment Committee (OEDC)
* Upcoming conferences in South Africa, India and China.
* Review of The Reach Of Reflection: Issues For Phenomenology's Second Century
* Online Study Tool offered by Respondus: Study Mate
* Community in the Digital Age -- article and book review
* Learning Objects: What are they and why should I care? (includes screen shot of a content management system)
* The Digital Literacy Alliance: An update (support group for Ghana)
* President's Corner: Virtual Organization goes Hybrid as Online meets Offline
* Troubleshooting the WAOE Website, Discussion Boards, and List-Servs

October 31, 2004

This latest article fits into the topic of intercultural literacy but not much else :)

Feature: Steve McCarty, Can non-Japanese write real haiku poetry?
Simply Haiku: An E-Journal of Haiku and Related Forms
November-December 2004, Volume 2, Number 6

October 28, 2004

Sayonara Papyrus News

For 14 months I have filled in for Dr. Mark Warschauer of the University of California in editing the e-mail distribution list Papyrus News, on language, technology, and other topics of concern. Now, happily, Mark is ready to resume this activity but with Papyrus News as an interactive blog. Bookmark or add it to your favorites after checking out the Papyrus News blog.

The Papyrus News distribution list messages of recent years are still preserved in the archives.

Collegially, Steve McCarty, Professor, Osaka Jogakuin College, Japan
President, World Association for Online Education (WAOE)
An NPO with membership free. When filling out a Web form to join,
you can click to join the WAOE Views unmoderated discussion list.
Bookmark Steve's projects | Home page in Japanese
Online library (Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library 4-star site)

September 28, 2004

Since the last post, the following articles have come out:

"Internet Voice Technologies for Oral Foreign Language Teaching"
Column in WEB - WAOE Electronic Bulletin - Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan/Feb 2004)
Portland State University: World Association for Online Education (WAOE)

"E-learning and Online Education in the Foreign Language Teaching Field"
University of California, Irvine: Papyrus News (March 2004)

Since I moved to Osaka in March 2004 I have not been able to update my publications Website, the Bilingualism and Japanology Intersection, an Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library 4-star site linked from Stanford, Harvard, Duke, the British Library, and over a thousand other sites. So the most recent publications, mostly available on the Web, are noted below and in future posts.

Leadership in Introducing Educational Technology in Japan
WAOE Electronic Bulletin (WEB), Vol. 4, No. 1, President's Corner
Portland State University, World Association for Online Education

Using English and the Internet could foster a Cultural Revolution in Japan
Archive of CRN Home Page Topics for Discussion
Tokyo: Child Research Net, May 2004

Fear and the Election
New York Times, Letters, 23 July 2004

A Picture of Online Education
Archive of CRN Home Page Topics for Discussion (10 September 2004)


Japanese People and Society
Osaka: Japan International Cooperation Center, 8 September 2004
Japan International Cooperation Agency, Government of Japan

Meeting a Worldwide Need for Community and Faculty Support for Online Education
Association of Internet Researchers 2004 , 5th Annual Conference, 22 September
University of Sussex, UK [Abstract of presentation]

Course home pages at my new college:

Individual, Cultural and Linguistic Human Rights

Academic Vocabulary [WebCT] information page

April 18, 2004

See you in Osaka?

I have moved to another professorship at Osaka Jogakuin College in Japan's second largest city. As a result of moving from an outer island, it will be easier to meet people in person. I'm not accessing e-mail to the addresses and, but you can still contact me at except when it fills up with spam. My Website, moved to WAOE's site, still works.

See you in Brighton?

World Association for Online Education officers in the UK, US and Japan will make a group presentation on WAOE at the Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR 5.0) conference at the University of Sussex in England, from September 19-21, 2004. Our proposal was accepted and the reviewers cited our "international collaboration" on an "interesting topic." If you can attend the conference, let us know. See the conference home page.

February 02, 2004

Articles and columns published this winter:

"Voice Technologies help turn the Computer into a Communication Device"
Archive of CRN Home Page Topics for Discussion
Tokyo: Child Research Net (January 2004)

"Revival of the Papyrus News distribution list on language and technology" (pdf format)
APACALL Newsletter No. 4
Asia-Pacific Association for Computer-Assisted Language Learning
The University of Southern Queensland, Australia (December 2003)

"Parameters of Online Education"
[President's Corner, near the bottom of the newsletter]
World Association for Online Education (WAOE)
WEB - WAOE Electronic Newsletter (October 2003)

"Connectivity: the 'Line' in Online Education"
WEB - WAOE Electronic Newsletter (December 2003)

September 19, 2003

A postcard for you

September 18, 2003

WAOE Electronic Bulletin (WEB)

The World Association for Online Education newsletter WAOE Electronic Bulletin (WEB) is meant for members, so please keep in mind that you need to join WAOE to receive the free services. The latest is a mentoring project on informal learning where online education projects in need are matched with a group of volunteer mentors. See the Vol. 3, No. 3 (August/September 2003) issue of WEB for details and other features. To join our NPO for free, just click on "Join WAOE" at the WAOE home page and fill in the Web form. Thank you.

Papyrus News distribution list on Language Teaching and Technology

Dr. Mark Warschauer has asked me to edit the distribution list Papyrus News (PN) at the University of California from here in Japan. About 1,500 ESL/EFL teachers and scholars in other fields around the world subscribe. Two or three times a week I plan to send out gathered Web resources, news articles, academic opportunities, and ideas on distance education and the topics Mark has indicated: technology in education, literacy, language learning/use, human/social development, culture, and equity. Please send me annotated resources, including URLs, of possible interest to the subscribers. You can also subscribe to Papyrus News.

September 02, 2003

This represents my subject matter area research here in Japan:

For travel in Western Japan or studying Japan's religious heritage,
my newly released encyclopedia entries on the Shikoku pilgrimage,
Mount Koya, and Buddhist Syncretism (combining many Asian religions)
may be of interest. This is my fourth site to receive a 4-star rating,
very useful for social sciences research, from the Asian Studies
WWW Virtual Library based at the Australian National University.
Each article includes photos from the encyclopedia.

The other sites and year they received the 4-star rating are:

Multilingual Guide to the Pilgrimage Island of Japan (2003)
(Alternating English and Japanese for learners of either language;
also Spanish, French and Dutch WWW versions of the whole book)

Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism (2003)

Bilingualism and Japanology Intersection (1997, 2001)
(Online publications, English and Japanese annotated versions)

Collegially, Steve McCarty, Professor, Kagawa JC, Japan - Bookmark

July 29, 2003

Toward a code of ethics for distance education envisioned by our virtual organization WAOE, some other recent writings may be of interest: passages on intercultural communication by K. S. Sitaram, from the Sumerian and Harappan cradles of civilization to the latest communication technologies, and my responses to passages from Bill Readings' The University in Ruins.